Nova Scotians sing stories of battle cries and freedom

  • Posted: 3/25/2014
    • Length: 04:02
    • Plays: ???
Synopsis > NOVA SCOTIA - N.S. -one of the four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada -second smallest province (P.E.I. is the smallest) -made up of the mainland and Cape Breton Island -also includes over 3800 coastal islands -capital city and largest city is Halifax - 372,858 (2006 Census Canada figures) -Halifax is an international seaport and transportation center. -flower - the Mayflower, tree -Red Spruce, bird - Osprey -"Nova Scotia" means "New Scotland" in Latin. -motto : " One defends and the other conquers" THE PEOPLE -There are 938,310 people living in Nova Scotia.(2008) -Many people live in or close to Halifax. -Most of the communities are along the coast. -First people were the Micmacs (Mi'Kmaq Indians). -People came from Britain, Western Europe, and Southern Europe. -Over eighty percent are of British ancestry, eighteen percent are of French ancestry -Other groups include German, Dutch, Poles, Ukrainian, Chinese, Scandinavian and native people. -N.S. has Canada's oldest African-Canadian community. HISTORY -The Vikings first visited around the year 990. -Explorer John Cabot came to Nova Scotia in 1497. -Micmac lived there. They hunted, fished, gathered plants and berries. -French settlers arrived in 1605. -A French settlement named Port Royal was built in 1605. -The area was turned over to the British after a war. -French colonists were forced to leave. -Some went back to France while others went to the U.S. -Later settlers came from England, Germany, Scotland. -In 1783 the United Empire Loyalists came from the United States. -In 1784 Nova Scotia was partitioned and the colonies of New Brunswick and Cape Breton Island were created. -In 1820 Cape Breton Island became part of Nova Scotia again. -In 1867 Nova Scotia became a part of the Dominion of Canada. CLIMATE AND WEATHER -Cool dry air from the interior mixes with warmer wet air over the sea. -Areas along the coast are milder and wetter than the areas inland. -The Atlantic coast is foggy, especially in the spring. -There are heavy rains and stormy weather in the fall. -The province has experienced hurricanes in the late summer. WATER AND LAND -The province is almost surrounded by water. -The Atlantic Ocean is to the south and east. -Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are connected by a small land bridge (28 km Isthmus of Chignecto) . -The Bay of Fundy stretches between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. -The Bay of Fundy has world's highest tides. -Much of the province is part of the Appalachian Region. -The province is covered with forests and lakes. -There are 3000 small lakes. -Almost 7500 km is rocky coastline. -There are salt marshes and ice-free deep water harbours along the coast. -The Strait of Canso (1.2 km wide) separates the mainland of Nova Scotia from Cape Breton Island. -The Canso Causeway is a road which connects the island to the mainland. RESOURCES/INDUSTRY -Coal mining, fishing and fish processing were once major industries. -The Fishery is the oldest and most important natural resource. -Haddock and cod were once caught in great numbers. -Scallops, crabs, clams, cod, haddock, pollock, herring and salmon are caught in the waters off Nova Scotia. -Lobsters from N.S. are shipped all across Canada. -There are about 160 fish processing plants. -The main mineral is coal which is used for making electricity. -Refineries turn oil into gasoline and other products. -Both hardwood and softwood forests cover much of the province. -Forest products include lumber, pulp and paper and Christmas trees. -There are three pulp and paper mills and several hundred sawmills. -Nova Scotia is among the leading producers of gypsum in the world. Gypsum is used in the manufacture of wallboard. -Apples, blueberries, pears and strawberries are grown in the Annapolis Valley. PEOPLE and PLACES -Anne Murray is a singer and songwriter from Springhill, who has many gold singles. -Singer Rita MacNeil and musician Ashley MacIssac are from Nova Scotia. -Marconi sent the first official west-to-east wireless ( radio) message across the Atlantic Ocean from Table Head, Cape Breton Island in 1902. -A. Gesner made kerosene in the 1850s. The kerosene was burned in lamps and lanterns. He is known as the Father of the Petroleum Industry. -Thomas Haliburton was a famous writer who wrote books about a character named Sam Slick. -Joshua Slocum was the first to sail alone around the world in the 1890s. -In the 1920s and 1930s the Bluenose schooner was famous for winning international races. -Nova Scotia is called "Canada's ocean playground" -Fishing villages and lighthouses along the coastline attract tourists. -Peggy's Cove is a well-known fishing village with a lighthouse. -The Citadel is a fort built (1856) on a hill overlooking Halifax harbour. -Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site (Cape Breton Island) has a museum displaying his inventions. He is the inventor of the telephone. -The Fortress of Louisbourg (Cape Breton Island) is the largest reconstructed 18th-century French fortified town in North America. -Bras d'Or lake (Cape Breton Island) is a saltwater lake that is a nesting site of the endangered bald eagle. The NDP Government did in 8 months of power what neither Tories nor Liberals could do in 250 years of democracy in Nova Scotia blow up in eight months this unreal!

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